A pioneering UNESCO discussion paper points to a sharp increase in online violence against women journalists and reveals how these attacks are now inextricably bound up with disinformation, intersectional discrimination, and populist politics.
‘The Chilling: Global trends in online violence against women journalists’ presents an edited extract from a forthcoming interdisciplinary study carried out by the International Center for Journalists (ICFJ). The first of its kind in terms of its scope and methodology, it is based on a global survey of 901 journalists from 125 countries; long-form interviews with 173 journalists and experts; two big data case studies assessing over 2.5 million social media posts directed at prominent journalists Maria Ressa (The Philippines – laureate of the 2021 Guillermo Cano World Press Freedom Prize) and Carole Cadwalladr (UK); 15 detailed country case studies; and a literature review covering hundreds of scholarly and civil society research publications.
The discussion paper provides hard facts and detailed analysis on the following key findings:
A team of 23 international researchers from 16 countries, led by Julie Posetti, Nabeelah Shabbir, Diana Maynard, Kalina Bontcheva and Nermine Aboulez, contributed to the study.
Top 26 preliminary findings at a glance
Chapter 1 – Introduction
Chapter 2 – Global thematic analysis: Key trends
Chapter 3 – Maria Ressa: At the core of an online violence storm
Chapter 4 – Carole Cadwalladr: The networked gaslighting of a high-impact investigative reporter
Chapter 5 – Conclusion and recommendations